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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 23(2):1985 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1985 Dec;23(2):236-240. English.
Published online Mar 20, 1994.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1985.23.2.236
Copyright © 1985 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
A case of hyperinfection syndrome with Strongyloides stercoralis
Kyu Sik Choi,Young Nam Whang,Young Ja Kim,Yoon Mo Yang,Kyung Yoon,Jae Jin Kim,Duk Young Min and Keun Tae Lee
Hae Jeong Medical Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Parasitology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.

A case of Strongyloides stercoralis infection wss experienced in a 73-year old Korean female patient, was hospitalized with relapse of cholecystitis. The patient developed cough and dyspnea 17 days after the admission. On the 27th hospitalized day, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain started. A number of parasitic larvae were incubated at 25 C for 2 days. Typical fork tailed filariform larvae of S. stercoralis (Bavay, 1876) Stiles and Hassall, 1902, were identified after cultivation. There was no improvement of diarrhoea after the medication with mebendazole. After the administration of thiabendazole, however, diarrhoea was stopped. On the 6th day of medication, S. stercoralis larvae were no more detected, and thereafter no larva was observed by repeated stool examinations upto 2 months after chemotherapy. The patient had the history of administration of steroid for articular rheumatism. Therefore this case seems to be a hyperinfection of S. stercoralis due to an autoinfection and to be the first report on the hyperinfected strongyloidiasis in Korea. Related literature was briefly reviewed.


Fig. 1
Blunt tail of Strongyloides stercoralis filariform larva (×600)


Table 1
Clinical feature of strongyloidiasis case during admission

Table 2
Measurement of Strongyloides stercoralis filariform larva in references

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