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Korean J Parasitol > Volume 33(2):1995 > Article

Original Article
Korean J Parasitol. 1995 Jun;33(2):85-94. English.
Published online Jun 20, 1995.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.1995.33.2.85
Copyright © 1995 by The Korean Society for Parasitology
Taxonomical approach to scabies mites of human and animals and their prevalence in Korea
Won-Koo Lee,*1 and Baik-Kee Cho2
1Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Chonju 560-756, Korea.
2Department of Dermatology, Medical College, Catholic University, Seoul 510-010, Korea.
Received February 24, 1995; Accepted March 27, 1995.


Three types, hitherto commonly known as varieties of Sarcoptes scabiei (Linnaeus, 1758) were collected from scabietic patients, pigs and dogs to confirm their taxonomic status. As a result, we consider that the mites of human and pig scabies are different subspecies [S. scabiei scabiei (Linnaeus, 1758) and S. scabiei suis Megnin, 1880, respectively], and that of dog scabies is a different species, S. canis Gerlach, 1857. Infestation rate of human scabies in Korea peaked in 1981-1982 and showed nearly 10% of prevalence rate among outpatients of the dermatology clinic, but decreased dramatically during the past ten years and now lowered below 1% since 1990. On the other hand, dog scabies seems to be increasing recently.


Fig. 1
Dorsal surfaces of idiosoma; A: female of human scabies, B: female of pig scabies, C: female of dog scabies, D: deutonymph of human scabies, E: deutonymph of pig scabies, F: deutonymph of dog scabies, G: protonymph of dog scabies, H: larva of dog scabies, I: egg of dog scabies. (Scale: 200 µ)

Fig. 2
Scabietic man.

Fig. 3
Scabietic dog.

Fig. 4
Canine scabies mites of various stages in the multilayer burrows of hyperkeratotic canine abdominal skin.

Fig. 5
A canine scabies mite in a burrow ifn the canine abdominal skin.


Table 1
Incidence of scabies in outpatients of Chonbuk Nat. Univ. Hospital

Table 2
Incidence of scabies based on the data from the literatures

Table 3
Seasonal variation in incidence of scabietic patients of Chonbuk Nat. Univ. Hospital

Table 4
Distribution of age in scabietic patients of Chonbuk Nat. Univ. Hospital

Table 5
Distribution of sex in scabietic patients of Chonbuk Nat. Univ. Hospital

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